New Interactive Washtenaw County Health Data Website Launched
Searchable results of local health surveys are now online in English and Spanish.
The Health Improvement Plan (HIP) of Washtenaw County is pleased to announce that the results of the most recent countywide HIP survey and Encuesta Buenos Vecinos (Latino Health Survey) are available online. This data provides a wealth of information about our collective health and is available in both English and Spanish at https://healthsurveys.ewashtenaw.org.
“HIP survey data helps us see where we can improve health and be most effective in our own community,” says Laura Bauman, RN, MPH, epidemiology manager with Washtenaw County Public Health and member of the HIP coordinating team. “We can see where differences in health exist within our community and work with local leaders and partners to support positive changes.”
The HIP data website is a valuable resource for the entire community. Washtenaw County Public Health and the HIP partnership use the data to develop shared health improvement goals. The survey results also provide local data to help guide countless health programs, policies and systems throughout the county. In addition, news organizations can find thousands of stories within this abundant set of data.
The HIP survey has been completed every five years since 1995. Over 2,900 local residents participated in confidential phone interviews in 2015. The new data can be compared to survey data from prior years and to the Encuesta Buenos Vecinos, a health survey of nearly 500 Washtenaw County Latinos.
Residents visiting the HIP database can search survey questions and view results according to the respondents’ area of residence, gender, age, race, income, formal education, health insurance and other factors. The data can now be cross tabulated, meaning viewers can explore more than one question at a time.
“The new features of the website let you ask more complex questions,” says Bauman. “For example, you can research if current smokers report heart attacks more often than non-smokers, or if the rate of women who report having health insurance varies geographically throughout the county.”
According to the survey data:
- Fewer Washtenaw residents are without health insurance. Only eight percent of 2015 respondents reported not having health insurance compared with 11 percent in 2010. Younger residents and residents with less than a high school degree were more likely to be uninsured.
- Rates of overweight and obesity declined for the first time since the HIP survey began. In 2015, 56 percent of Washtenaw adults reported they were overweight or obese, compared to 59 percent five years earlier. Respondents with a college degree and respondents living on the western side of the county were less likely to report being overweight or obese.
- Health status varies by social factors, including race, income and education level. Ninety percent of white respondents reported they had excellent, very good or good general health status, compared to 81 percent of Latino and 72 percent of black respondents. Higher income households and more formally educated respondents were also more likely to be in excellent, very good or good health.
- Nearly half of Washtenaw adults reported at least 150 minutes of physical activity per week. Walking was the main type of exercise reported in 2015. Black adults and those with annual incomes under $20,000 were less likely to report at least 150 minutes of regular physical activity per week.
- Overall, 19 percent of Washtenaw adults reported they had ever been diagnosed with depression in 2015, down slightly from 22 percent in 2010. Respondents with Medicaid were more likely to report a depression diagnosis.
See details about the above survey questions and more at http://hip.ewashtenaw.org.
HIP Data in Action: Health Equity
Washtenaw County Public Health used HIP and the Encuesta Buenos Vecinos data, in addition to other quantitative and qualitative resources, to identify communities that experience systemic, avoidable and unjust differences in health status and mortality rates. In community conversations, Washtenaw County Public Health staff and community members discussed local data and built ongoing relationships. Thanks to a partnership with the Ann Arbor Area Community Foundation, mini-grants were provided for residents to implement projects that will make their communities healthier places to live, work and play.
Washtenaw County Public Health
Washtenaw County Public Health promotes health and works to prevent disease and injury in our community. Our mission is to assure, in partnership with the community, the conditions necessary for people to live healthy lives through prevention and protection programs. Visit Washtenaw County Public Health online at http://publichealth.ewashtenaw.org or call 734-544-6700.
The Health Improvement Plan of Washtenaw County
HIP is a public-private partnership of over 25 organizations and 300 individuals, managed by Washtenaw County Public Health. The HIP partnership collects and analyzes a range of health data and uses it to develop long-range, shared health priorities, goals and plans for achieving them. Visit the HIP partnership online at http://hip.ewashtenaw.org.
The HIP Survey
The HIP survey has been conducted in Washtenaw County every five years since 1995. It is a local version of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Behavioral Risk Factor Survey.
The 2015 HIP survey is funded by Washtenaw County Public Health, St. Joseph Mercy Health System, University of Michigan Health System, 5 Healthy Towns, Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research and United Way of Washtenaw County.
Encuesta Buenos Vecinos Latino Health Survey
Nearly 500 Washtenaw County Latinos responded to face-to-face, group and internet surveys in this 2014 county-specific health survey. The survey included over 130 questions regarding physical and mental health status, social support, access to healthcare, immigration concerns and neighborhood conditions. Ten community priorities were identified after the survey’s completion. The Encuesta Buenos Vecinos report is the result of an innovative, multiyear collaboration with the Latino community in Washtenaw County.