Adults and Tobacco
There are more than 14,000 smoking-related deaths each year in Michigan. These numbers contribute to Michigans number one ranking in chronic disease mortality rates in the nation. The economic impact of smoking each year cost Michigan 3.4 billion dollars in annual health care costs.
Health professionals and individuals in Washtenaw County are increasingly advocating the adoption and enforcement of policies that discourage smoking and protect nonsmokers from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. The Washtenaw County Tobacco Reduction Coalition has made a commitment to discourage tobacco use and to reduce secondhand tobacco exposure in the county. The Coalition has collaborated with the Washtenaw County Health Improvement Plan (HIP) on priorities and Objectives for the Year 2020 to reduce tobacco use among adults. To review the 2010 Health Improvement Plan Survey results on tobacco use among county residents go to http://hip.ewashtenaw.org.
Healthy Adults / Chronic Disease
Decrease the proportion of adults who are current smokers from 16% to 5%.
Baseline data: 16%
Nicotine is the drug in cigarettes and other forms of tobacco that causes addiction. Tobacco companies add chemicals to tobacco products such as tar and ammonia to increase the delivery of nicotine to the smoker and enhance the drugs effect on the brain and nervous system. The pharmacological and behavioral processes that determine nicotine addiction are similar to those that determine cocaine and heroin addiction. The tobacco industrys manipulation of nicotine in tobacco products has allowed them to addict adolescents and adults. 80% of adult smokers want to quit but continue smoking because of nicotine addiction.
Michigan Adult Smoking Facts:
- Twenty percent of Michigan residents smoke. In Washtenaw County 12% of the adult population smokes.
- 14,500 Michigan residents die each year from tobacco-related caused illnesses.
- On average, smokers die almost 7 years earlier than non-smokers. The state of Michigan spends 3.40 billion dollars on healthcare cost directly caused by smoking.
Quitting tobacco use has proven health benefits, even for smokers at a late age. When a smoker quits, circulation improves immediately, the lungs begin to repair, in one year the risk of heart disease is cut in half, and risk of cancer, lung disease, and stroke begins to diminish.
Of the persons who have quit tobacco use, 90% have done it on their own. They cite reasons, such as to take control of their lives, maintain good health, and rid themselves from the unpleasant smell of cigarettes.
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