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Pandemic Influenza

Pandemics are unlikely, but potentially catastrophic events. There were four andemics in the past century, including the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. Many experts believe another pandemic will occur. We must be ready to protect the health and safety of our community.

Washtenaw County Public Health is working to protect your health in the event of a pandemic influenza outbreak or any public health emergency. Plans to control a pandemic locally are continuously reviewed and strengthened. Public Health has strategies in place to identify and report communicable diseases, including influenza. Public Health also works closely with state authorities and local partners to coordinate and test response plans.

What Can You Do? Be Prepared

coupleFull preparedness requires informed and ready citizens.

Review and use the resources below to prepare for a pandemic or any public health emergency. Help us protect the health of our entire community by preparing yourself, your family, your workplace and your community.



Information and Resources

Visit Available in Spanish.

For planning resources and tools, visit Public Health Practices

K-12 Schools: Toolkit for Educators

Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH), Pandemic Influenza

Traveling? Review information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC))


There is no substitute for prevention. Promote good hand washing and cover your cough.CoverCgh-hcp-view.gif Vaccination is the best way to avoid getting the flu.

Protect yourself from seasonal flu with an annual vaccination - and get vaccinated against pandemic flu, if available.

Hand Washing Fact Sheet

Cover Your Cough Poster (CDC)

Avian Influenza

Many experts are concerned the next pandemic may come from a strain of influeza that currently affects birds (avian influenza). There is concern an avian strain could mutate and spread more readily among people.

Avian Influenza (CDC) (Available in Spanish)

MDCH, Emerging Disease Issues, Avian Influenza

WHO, Influenza at the Human-Animal Interface (Available in multiple languages)

What to Do if you Find a Sick or Dead Bird (MDCH)

What is an influenza pandemic?

A pandemic is a global disease outbreak. A flu pandemic occurs when a new influenza virus emerges and causes serious illness among people. Because the virus is new, people have no immunity and no vaccine is initially available. The virus may spread rapidly, overwhelming the health care system and causing major economic and social disruptions.

* Seasonal (or common) flu is a respiratory illness that can be transmitted person to person. Most people have some immunity, and a vaccine is available every year.

 * Pandemic flu is a human flu that causes a global outbreak, or pandemic, of serious illness. Because there is little natural immunity, the disease can spread easily from person to person. Currently, there is no pandemic flu.

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Want more information? Contact our Public Health Emergency Preparedness Administrator Cindra James or Health Educator Susan Cerniglia. Or, call us at 734-544-6700.

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