Health Equity Terminology

 father and son

What is meant by Health Inquities?

Health inequities are defined as differences in health that are unnecessary, avoidable, unfair and unjust.

What is meant by Health Disparities?

Differences in health status among distinct segments of the population including differences that occur by gender, race or ethnicity, sexual orientation, education or income, disability, or living in various geographic localities. 

 

Can Health Equity be Achieved?

We will know we have reached health equity when we can no longer predict life expectancy, diabetes mortality, heart disease, high blood pressure, and quality of life on the basis of race, income, or zip code.

 What are the Social Determinants of Health?

Social determinants of health are those inter-related social and economic factors that influence health.

They include, but are not limited to:

    • socioeconomic status
    • discrimination, housing
    • physical environment
    • food security
    • child development
    • culture, social support
    • healthcare services
    • transportation
    • working conditions
    • democratic participation.


What is Social Justice?

Social justice is the equitable distribution of social, economic and political resources, opportunities, and responsibilities and their consequences.

Disparity = a difference. Inequality.

Health Disparities =

Equity = Fair or fairness

Health Equity =

Health Inequities =

Justice = Fairness that like cases should be treated alike

Social Justice = the distribution of advantages and disadvantages within a community

Gender = Gender identity refers to the feeling that you are male, female

Sex = Biological maleness or femaleness

Sexual orientation = the direction of a person's romantic and sexual attractions

 

 

Health inequities result from an unequal structuring of life chances. They derive mainly from core social injustices within our economic, social, and political institutions, not primarily genetics, behavior, or biased attitudes.

 

 

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