Precinct Delegate Information


The Election of Precinct Delegates

This article outlines the procedures provided under Michigan election law for the election of precinct delegates. As the procedures associated with the election of precinct delegates are unique in many ways, the careful review of the information contained in this article is encouraged. A few immediate points and reminders:

Precinct delegate candidates are required to file an Affidavit of Identity to gain ballot access; petition signatures are not required.

Precinct delegate candidates must file their affidavit of identity to appear on the ballot at their COUNTY CLERK'S OFFICE.

The precinct delegate filing deadline elapses at 4:00 p.m. on May 6, 2014.

Michigan election law stipulates that a precinct delegate candidate must be a qualified and registered elector residing within, as well as having his or her actual bona fide residence within, the election precinct for which he or she desires to become a candidate on the filing deadline. A precinct delegate candidate must be at least 18 years of age by May 6, 2014.

A precinct delegate may be elected with a single vote.

Anyone who wishes to seek a precinct delegate position with write-in votes must file a Declaration of Intent with the city or township clerk, only (NOT THE COUNTY CLERK) by 4:00 p.m. on the Friday preceding the August 5, 2014 primary. As an alternative, such candidates may file a Declaration of Intent with the appropriate precinct board on the day of the August primary anytime prior to the close of the polls.

Creation of precinct delegate positions: The county chairperson of each political party qualified to participate in the statewide August primary certifies to the county election commission no later than April 1 the number of precinct delegate positions to appear under the party's vignette in each precinct in the county. Michigan election law provides that the allotment of delegates to all precincts in the state shall be made to insure, as near as is practicable, equal apportionment based upon the total vote cast for the candidate of each political party for either president of the United States or secretary of state at the last general November election when elections for those offices were held, whichever is later. However, each precinct shall have at least 1 delegate. (MCL 168.623a)

The Republican Party and the Democratic Party are qualified to appear on the primary ballot.

If the county chairperson of a political party qualified to participate in the August primary fails to meet the April 1 certification deadline, the county election commission is required to determine the number of precinct delegate positions to appear under the party's vignette in each precinct in the county.

Candidate qualifications and allowances: A precinct delegate candidate must be at least 18 years of age by the filing deadline and must be a qualified and registered elector residing within, as well as having his or her actual bona fide residence within, the election precinct for which he or she desires to become a candidate. (MCL 168.624)

A precinct delegate candidate may hold or seek any other public office in Michigan. Consequently, a precinct delegate candidate may appear as a candidate for another office on the primary ballot.

While a precinct delegate candidate may not serve as an election inspector in the precinct in which he or she resides, a precinct delegate candidate may serve as an election inspector in any other precinct in the county. (MCL 168.677)

Filing requirements: A person who wishes to seek a precinct delegate position must file an Affidavit of Identity to appear on the ballot with the clerk of his or her COUNTY (NOT the city or township clerk). Petition signatures are not required. To facilitate the precinct delegate candidate filing process, an Affidavit of Identity designed exclusively for use by precinct delegate candidates has been developed by the Department of States Bureau of Elections. (A copy of the most recent revision of the form is provided with this newsletter.) The form is available through commercial vendors. It merits note that the availability of the precinct delegate Affidavit of Identity form does not preclude a precinct delegate candidate from filing with the standard Affidavit of Identity form.

The deadline for filing an Affidavit of Identity for a precinct delegate position is 4:00 p.m. on Tuesday, May 6, 2014. (MCL 168.624)

The deadline for withdrawing a precinct delegate filing is 4:00 p.m. on Friday, May 9, 2014. The withdrawal must be in writing and must be filed with the county clerk; Michigan election law does not make any allowances for filing such withdrawals with the city or township clerk. (MCL 168.624a)

Precinct delegate candidates are not required to file disclosure forms under Michigans Campaign Finance Act. Consequently, precinct delegate candidates are not required to file the campaign finance compliance statement required under MCL 168.558(4). (MCL 168.558(4) requires any candidate filing an Affidavit of Identity to state on the form that at the date the affidavit was executed, all statements, reports, late filing fees, and fines required of the candidate or any candidate committee organized to support the candidates election under the Michigan Campaign Finance Act have been filed or paid.) In addition, precinct delegate candidates are not required to file the campaign finance compliance statement required under MCL 168.848. (MCL 168.848 requires any candidate elected to office on the state, county or local level to file a similar campaign finance compliance statement prior to assuming office.)

Careful review of filings urged: It is important to carefully review all precinct delegate filings to confirm that the filer has accurately identified his or her precinct of residence on the Affidavit of Identity form. Precinct delegate candidates who do not accurately identify their precinct of residence on the form should be immediately contacted and alerted to the error. Such errors can be corrected by the filer through the submission of a notarized statement anytime prior to the precinct delegate filing deadline.

Complaint process: A complaint may be filed if it is believed that a precinct delegate candidate

1) is not registered to vote in the precinct he or she wishes to represent or

2) does not actually reside within the precinct he or she wishes to represent. The complaint must be presented to the county clerk in writing before the August primary ballots are released for printing. The county clerk forwards any challenges filed against the registration or residence of a precinct delegate candidate to the appropriate city or township clerk for review. The city or township clerk then has 48 hours to complete the review and report back to the county clerk. (MCL 168.624)

Precinct delegate ballot: Precinct delegate positions are placed after all other partisan offices on optical scan ballots. The names of precinct delegate candidates are not rotated on the ballot.

Write-in candidates for precinct delegate: An individual who wishes to seek a precinct delegate position with write-in votes is required to file a Declaration of Intent with the city or township clerk by 4:00 p.m. on the Friday preceding the August Primary. As an alternative, such candidates may file a Declaration of Intent with the appropriate precinct board on the day of the August primary anytime prior to the close of the polls. Write-ins may not be filed at the County. A Declaration of Intent form developed exclusively for use by precinct delegate candidates is provided with this newsletter. A Declaration of Intent form designed for use by write-in candidates seeking any office (including precinct delegate positions) is available through commercial vendors. (MCL 168.737a)

Write-in votes cast for a precinct delegate candidate who has not filed a Declaration of Intent do not count. (Write-in votes which do not count due to the candidates failure to file a Declaration of Intent are not considered when determining whether an overvote has occurred on optical scan ballots.)

City and township clerks are responsible for notifying the appropriate precinct boards in their jurisdiction of any Declaration of Intent forms submitted by precinct delegate candidates by the above referenced deadline. Precinct boards must carefully maintain any Declaration of Intent forms submitted by precinct delegate candidates at the polls on the day of the August primary.

The Declaration of Intent waiver does not apply to precinct delegate positions. (The Declaration of Intent waiver, applicable to all other offices on the ballot, is invoked if a candidate appearing on the ballot for the office involved dies or is otherwise disqualified on or after the Wednesday immediately preceding the election. In such an instance, all write-in votes cast for the office are counted including any write-in votes cast for candidates who have not filed a Declaration of Intent.)

The election; notification to winning precinct delegate candidates: The precinct delegate candidates who receive the highest number of votes for the available positions under each party column are elected. (The three vote minimum which was formerly needed to win a precinct delegate position was eliminated under PA 583 of 1996.) Candidates elected to precinct delegate positions are certified to the county clerk by the precinct board responsible for counting the ballots. The county clerk is required to notify candidates elected to precinct delegate positions of their election after the primary. The notification can be sent by first class, registered or certified mail. (MCL 168.607; 608; 625)

Candidates elected to precinct delegate positions are the only candidates certified by precinct boards. In all other instances, candidates nominated or elected to office are certified by county or local canvassing boards.

A tie vote for a precinct delegate position is resolved by the conduct of a drawing held under the direction of the county clerk. When conducting a drawing to resolve a tie vote for a precinct delegate position, the county clerk has the involved candidates draw folded strips of paper bearing the words elected or not elected from a box. (MCL 168.607)

Precinct delegate elections are not subject to vote recounts.

Notification to county political party organizations; office records: Immediately following the primary, the county clerk is required to furnish the chairpersons of the county political party organizations with the names of the precinct delegates elected by the political party. The county clerk is also required to supply the chairpersons with the names of those persons specified under Michigan election law, MCL 168.608(4) and (5). Michigan election law further specifies that the county clerk is required to record the names of the delegates elected in a book to be kept for that purpose and shall file the book among the records of the clerks office. (MCL 168.608)

Summary of Dates and Deadlines Associated With the Election of Precinct Delegates

A summary of the dates and deadlines associated with the election of precinct delegates is provided below:

By March 1: State party chairpersons of major political parties notify county and district committee chairs of county convention delegate (precinct delegate) allocation requirements. (MCL 168.623a(1))

By April 1: County political party chairpersons certify number of delegates to be elected in each precinct to county election commissions. (MCL 168.623a(1))

By 4:00 p.m., May 6: Candidates for precinct delegate file an Affidavit of Identity (in duplicate) with the clerk of the county in which the candidate resides. (MCL 168.624(2))

By 4:00 p.m., May 9: Precinct delegate candidates who wish to drop from ballot file withdrawals with county clerk. (MCL 168.624a(2))

Prior to release of August primary ballots for production: Complaints may be filed with county clerk against the residency or registration status of precinct delegate candidates. City or township clerk must respond within 48 hours after receipt of complaint from county clerk. (MCL 168.624(3))

By 4:00 p.m., August 1: Individuals who wish to seek a precinct delegate position with write-in votes file Declaration of Intent forms with city or township clerk. (As an alternative, individuals who wish to seek a precinct delegate position with write-in votes may file the form with the appropriate precinct board prior to the close of the polls on the day of the August primary.) (MCL 168.737a)

August 5 Primary election conducted. Candidates elected to precinct delegate positions are certified to the county clerk by the precinct board responsible for counting the ballots. (MCL 168.625)

By August 12 County clerk notifies candidates elected to precinct delegate positions by first class, registered or certified mail. County clerk also forwards appropriate notices to county political party chairpersons. (MCL 168.608(3)(4); 625)


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